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By Roger Narayan; Paolo Colombo; Michael Halbig; Sanjay Mathur; American Ceramic Society

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Additional info for Advances in bioceramics and porous ceramics V : a collection of papers presented at the 36th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 22-27, 2012, Daytona Beach, Florida

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When a catastrophic crack starting from the porcelain layer reaches the core layer, tetragonal zirconia initially transforms to monoclinic and resists against fracture [8]. H. A bale, et al. used highly focused monochromatic synchrotron X-rays to provide information on the biaxial residual stress in zirconia crown and observed stresses between -400 to 100 MPa along a 500 urn line scan [9], they have also reported much larger stresses at smaller length scales even up to ± lGPa [10,11]. edu; phone: 918-594-8238.

Liu, In Vitro Evaluation of Boratebased Bioactive Glass Scaffolds Prepared by a Polymer Foam Replication Method, Mater Sei Eng C, 29, 2275-2281 (2009). Jiang, Aqueous Gel-Casting of Hydroxyapatite, Mater Sei Eng A, 435-436, 198-203 (2006). Rahaman, Q. Fu, Oriented Bioactive Glass (13-93) Scaffolds with Controllable Pore Size by Unidirectional Freezing of Camphene based Suspensions: Microstructure and Mechanical Response, Acta Biomater, 7, 406-416 (2011). Chandrasekaran, Rapid Prototyping in Tissue Engineering: Challenges and Potential, Trends Biotechnol, 22, 643-652 (2004).

In comparison, the as-fabricated borate 1393 B3 had a compressive strength of 65 ± 11 MPa, which decreased to 9 ± 4 MPa after immersion for 30 days in SBF. After 30 days in SBF, the weight loss of the silicate 13-93 and borate 13-93 scaffolds was 5 ± 2% and 42 ± 7%, respectively, indicating a far faster conversion rate of the borate glass scaffolds. The conversion product consisted of an amorphous calcium phosphate material after the thirty-day immersion. Based on their high compressive strength, bioactivity, and microstructure favorable for supporting tissue ingrowth, the scaffolds fabricated in this work by robocasting could have potential application in the repair of loaded and non-loaded bone.

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