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By Andy Orchard

Беовульф – наиболее известное и наиболее изученное литературное произведение, дошедшее от времен англосаксонской Англии, и современному читателю приходится сталкиваться с большим числом и разнообразием интерпретаций таких основных вопросов, как датировка, источник и значение поэмы. В этой книге автор разбирает все эти проблемы, учитывая и предыдущие исследования, а также предлагая новые перспективы. После начального введения в проблему, внимание уделено, в основном, таким вопросам как контекст рукописи и подход к датировке поэмы, затем следует развернутое обсуждение специфического стиля и структуры этого, одного из наиболее выдающихся произведений эпоса германских народов.. Фон поэмы рассматривается не только относительно исторического и легендарного материала, но также и в мифологическом контексте. В заключительной главе описывается диапазон критических подходов, применявшихся к поэме в прошлом, а также намечаются отправные точки для будущего изучения.Образцы сканов:

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37. Boyle, ‘The Nowell Codex’, p. 32. Boyle’s rather dramatic view is challenged by Gerritsen, ‘Have with you to Lexington’, p. 16, who notes other examples of the same sudden changes of hands in, for example, London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius D. XI (Ker, Catalogue, pp. 292–8 [no. 222]), a mid-eleventh-century manuscript containing homilies for various saints’ days (the change occurs at 54r21), and London, British Library, Harley 107 (Ker, Catalogue, p. 303 [no. 227]), a mid-eleventhcentury manuscript containing, amongst other items, Ælfric’s Grammar (the change occurs at 49r2).

X, fols. 44–175; London, British Library, Cotton Otho B. II + Otho B. X, fols. 32 But if much ink has been spilt over the combination of scribal hands in the Beowulf-manuscript, and the subsequent implications for dating, so too opinions are divided over the reasons for the inclusion of Beowulf in the manuscript at all. The present contents of the Beowulf-manuscript can be summarised as follows:33 1. The Passion of Saint Christopher, incomplete at the beginning (fols. 93[94]r–97[98]r);34 2. The Wonders of the East, illustrated in colour (fols.

249 and 273–4. 21 Kiernan, ‘A Long Footnote’; Kiernan, ‘The Legacy of Wiglaf’; Kiernan, ‘Re-Visions’, in his ‘Beowulf’ and the ‘Beowulf’-Manuscript, pp. xv–xxviii; Gerritsen, ‘A Reply to Dr Kiernan’s Footnote’; Gerritsen, ‘Beowulf Revisited’; Dumville, ‘The Beowulf-Manuscript and How Not to Date It’. 22 See Appendix I below, from which all the data from the following paragraph derive, for details. 58 (or about 377 lines per quire of sixteen sides). The slight difference would seem negligible, were it not for the fact that both scribes dramatically increase the number of verse-lines per side towards the end of their stint, so skewing the average in both cases.

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